Sklavenaufstände hatte Rom dreimal zur Kenntnis zu nehmen. Ihre Ursachen waren zumeist in der schlechten Behandlung zu sehen. Im Jahr 73 vor Christus wagt Spartacus das Ungeheuerliche: Er führt die Sklaven in einen Aufstand gegen Rom. Lest Spartacus' Geschichte bei GEOlino! Ich bin Spartacus: Aufstand der Sklaven gegen Rom | Brodersen, Kai | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf.
Der Spartacus-AufstandIch bin Spartacus: Aufstand der Sklaven gegen Rom | Brodersen, Kai | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf. Rom ist während der Serie eine Republik und heute eine Stadt bzw. die Hauptstadt von Italien. Der bekannteste und für Rom gefährlichste Sklavenkrieg war die Revolte des Spartacus 73 v. Chr. Der Thraker Spartacus entfloh mit 78 anderen Gladiatoren.
Spartacus Rom Aus einer kleinen Revolte wird mehr VideoGANNICUS vs GLADIATOR - ERSTER KAMPF - SPARTACUS FIGHTSCENE - deutsch/german 60FPS 1080P
All told he recorded over hours of discussions on the telephone. He told close aides that he did this for two main reasons. Like most deserters, he was caught.
The punishment for deserting the legion was to be sold into slavery. Spartacus was sold as a slave to a gladiator school to learn how to be a gladiator.
Spartacus didn't want to be a gladiator or a slave, so he planned and executed an escape. Manche sehen in ihm sogar einen Vorkämpfer für die Rechte der Unterdrückten.
Doch wollte er mit seinem Aufstand tatsächlich der Sklaverei ein Ende setzen? Forscher bezweifeln es — aber auch sie haben keine befriedigende Antwort.
Was Spartacus wirklich antrieb? Wir werden es wahrscheinlich nie erfahren. Vielleicht wollte er einfach nur nach Hause. Doch das Imperium schlägt zurück….
Fenja Mens. Daripada Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas. Isi kandungan. Rencana utama: Perang Hamba Rom. The prehistory of the Balkans; and the Middle East and the Aegean world, tenth to eighth centuries B.
C, Cambridge University Press, , hal. Spartacus and the slave wars: a brief history with documents. His men scoured the area, raiding estates and towns, particularly in search of horses.
The slave leader hoped to build and train a cavalry unit to be his eyes as his rabble marched toward the Alps. Towns such as Consentia and Metapontum were stormed, their newly released slaves joining ranks with Spartacus and swelling the army to more than 70, Any freed slaves capable of bearing arms received rudimentary training.
In the spring of 72 bc, the gladiator army trekked northward, pursued by the consuls and their legions. In three separate engagements, Spartacus first defeated Lentulus, who had attempted to surround the slaves, and then both Gellius and the praetor Arrius, who had recently slain Crixus and his Gauls.
To appease the ghost of Crixus, Romans were sacrificed or forced to fight each other as gladiators. Surprisingly, Spartacus chose to lead his slaves back into Italy.
Perhaps a contingent of his gladiators preferred looting the peninsula as Crixus had, and Spartacus may have feared that a further division of his force could be disastrous if Roman legions pursued them and forced them into battle.
He may have even entertained the idea of raiding Rome, the source of enslavement of so many peoples. For whatever reasons, the Thracian led his mob southward.
Rome was beside itself with anxiety. The gladiator army was estimated at between 75, and , With the losses of the various legions, the city was short of available troops and able commanders.
The most experienced generals, such as Quintus Metellus and Gnaeus Pompey, were stationed with their battle-hardened legions in rebellious Spain, while Lucius Lucullus kept an eye on troublesome Asia Minor.
For the moment, only poorly trained local levies remained to defend Rome. The Roman senate finally gave supreme military command to the praetor Marcus Crassus, the only man who offered to take the post.
A multimillionaire, Crassus had built his fortune through astute real estate deals. More important, he had gained valuable experience while serving under the command of the great Roman general Sulla, who died in 78 bc.
Crassus inherited the remnants of the legions of Publius Varinius that had fled the battlefield in their earlier disastrous engagement with the gladiators, in addition to several newly raised legions.
Crassus ordered his lieutenant Mummius to lead two of the new legions in a circle behind the slave rabble, but, as Plutarch notes, not to join battle nor even skirmish with them.
Unfortunately for Crassus, Mummius unwisely attacked the gladiators from the rear, obviously thinking that he would have the advantage of surprise.
In the ensuing melee, many of the legionaries were slain, and hundreds of others broke rank and fled. Crassus was livid with anger.
Lots were drawn in each group, with one unlucky soldier chosen for execution. Darin unterscheidet er sich von vielen Vorläufern. Beispielsweise kümmerte sich Spartacus um die Beschaffung von Waffen und sonstigem Material; um den Nachschub zu gewährleisten, bestand er auf einem fairen Umgang mit der Bevölkerung.
Die Quellenlage zu Spartacus selbst ist relativ spärlich, da viele Autoren ihn nur recht knapp in anderen Zusammenhängen erwähnen.
Insgesamt haben aber mehr als 30 antike Schriftsteller über ihn geschrieben — für eine antike Persönlichkeit sicher eine beachtliche Zahl.
Von den wichtigsten Autoren ist Sallust einer der bedeutendsten römischen Historiker überhaupt, allerdings sind von ihm nur einzelne Fragmente zum Spartacus-Aufstand erhalten geblieben.
Ebenso sind von Florus lediglich Bruchstücke tradiert von zusammengefassten Liviustexten , die im Original auch nicht mehr vorhanden sind.
Plutarch hat in einer seiner Doppelbiographien über Crassus von Spartacus berichtet. Appian schrieb über ihn in seiner Römischen Geschichte 1. In order to do so effectively, keeping his men safe while retaining strength in numbers, he split his army into two groups.
The rest, mainly Thracians, followed Spartacus. Though his plan was to get back home to Thrace as quickly as possible, many of his men had different plans.
According to Plutarch:. But they, grown confident in their numbers, and puffed by with their success, would give no obedience to him, but went about and ravaged Italy; so that now the Senate was not only moved at the indignity and baseness, both of the enemy and of the insurrection, but, looking upon it as a matter of alarm and dangerous consequence.
With Rome alarmed at the success Spartacus was having in battle, the Senate sent Gen. Marcus Licinius Crassus to deal with the rising threat.
He traveled to Picenum, a region on the Adriatic coast where he knew Spartacus was stationed, with 10 legions. Crassus stationed most of his men on the outskirts of Picenum and sent his lieutenant, Mummius, and two legions to follow Spartacus.
Wikimedia Commons When Spartacus and his men were defeated, 6, of his followers were crucified and lined up between Capua and Rome as a deterrent to potential rebels.
Mummius was ordered not to engage in battle, but merely redirect the enemy and force them north. In his stubborn hubris, however, Mummius attacked — and was soundly defeated.